RESULTS

Eight years of CARDIAC screening have provided valuable information about the prevalence of children's cardiovascular risk factors. With the WVRHEP infrastructure 1844 kindergarten, 627 second, 39,469 fifth, and 728 ninth graders have participated in the CARDIAC Project. An additional 3,323 parents and 315 school staff have received free fasting lipid profiles to assess their personal risk.

 

CARDIAC KID

Of the almost 44,567 fifth graders screened since 1998, 27.1% of all children were overweight and an additional 18.4% were at risk of becoming overweight. Based on a fasting lipid profile (blood draw), almost twenty percent (19.4%) had abnormal blood lipids. Almost five percent (4.6%) of children had a rash on the back of the neck (Acanthosis Nigricans) indicative of possible insulin resistance.

Project results below are presented for each county by school year and statewide cumulative totals. These findings refer to the number and percentage of 5th grade students (and participating parents ) who were screened and who tested positive for the listed cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk factors. To view individual county data, first select school year then rollover the map below to find your county and click once. Statewide results since 1998 are currently under construction to incorporate year 9 data.

 
  Rollover county and click

monroe Summers Mercer McDowell wyoming Logan Mingo Wayne Cabell Lincoln Boone Nicholas Raleigh Fayette Greenbrier Pocahontas Webster Braxton Clay Calhoun Roane Kanawha Putnam Mason Jackson Wirt Calhoun Gilmer Lewis Upshur Randolph Pendleton Hardy Hampshire Jefferson Berkeley Morgan Mineral Grant Tucker Barbour Taylor Harrison Doddridge Ritchie Wood Pleasants Tyler Marion Preston Monongalia Wetzel Marshall Ohio Brooke Hancock
CARDIAC KINDER

Realizing the need to examine the prevalence of obesity among very young children, CARDIAC Kinder was implemented during the 2003-2004 school year. CARDIAC Kinder began as a pilot study in four counties geographically dispersed to represent various regiions of the state, and is active in 5 counties. It was designed to teach kindergarten children and their parents about physical activity through the use of a step counter, and to educate parents o0n obesity related issues, including good nutrition and physical activity. CARDIAC Kinder uses the same resources available to The CARDIAC Project, but limits screening procedures to only height and weight data collection given the age and developmental level of the Kindergarten students.

Of the 1844 students screened (43.5% of those eligible) since inception of CARDIAC Kinder, 18.1% had a Body Mass Index (BMI) over the 95th percentile, and were considered overweight. An additional 16.9% were at risk for overweight, with BMIs in the 85th-94th percentile.

CARDIAC TOO

By expanding the screening to include second graders in the 2005-2006 school year, the CARDIAC Project continues to increase awareness about normal growth (weight and height) among WV children, and to learn more about chronic diseases such as diabetes and premature heart disease. Like CARDIAC Kinder, CARDIAC Too also limits the screening procedure to height and weight collection. Of the 627 2nd grad students screened in its pilot year, 17.4% of all children were overweight and an additional 17.4% were at risk of becoming overweight. In addition, 35% of students also had a positive family history of heart disease.

 

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