The CARDIAC Project has screened Fasting Lipid Profile's on thousands of fifth grade children in West Virginia. We have identified a small number of children who have a genetic disease that predisposes them to early heart problems.
This form of hypercholesterolemia is an inherited disorder which causes cholesterol levels to be elevated. High cholesterol creates plaque formation on the walls of the arteries that can lead to heart attacks early in life. Approximately 1 in 500 people have FH. Immediate relatives of a person with FH have a 50% chance of having FH also. Adults and children with total cholesterol levels of 260mg/dl or greater and/or LDL (bad cholesterol) of 190mg/dl or greater, AND with normal triglycerides most likely have this genetic condition.
This form of hypercholesterolemia is also an inherited disorder, although the genetics of this condition are less underdstood than those of FH. FCH causes high cholesterol that can lead to early heart attack It is more common than FH, occurring in 1 in 100 people. Other factors such as excessive weight and high blood pressure may be associated with FCH. Adults and children with total cholesterol levels of 230mg/dl or greater and/or LDL (bad cholesterol) of 150mg/dl or greater, AND total triglycerides of 150mg/dl most likely have this genetic condition.
If your child has been diagnosed with high cholesterol, it is important to see a specialist as without treatment, children with cholesterol problems are much more likely to develop coronary heart disease by the time they are middle aged - this is preventable with appropriate therapy.
You should seek treatment for your child's inherited cholesterol condition from a specialist.
We conduct children's cholesterol clinics to manage these high risk patients. Some of the children are identified through the CARDIAC Project, some come directly from their primary care provider (PCP). You do not need a referral from your PCP. Information about how to schedule an appointment is given below.
For an appointment in a
Children's Cholesterol Clinic call:
Beckley (304) 598-4835
Huntington (304) 691-1300
Lewisburg (304) 645-3220
Morgantown (304) 598-4835
Princeton (304) 598-4835
Wheeling (304) 598-4835
William Neal, M.D., Director
FH / FCH Project
Susie Ritchie, RN, MPH, CPNP
Coordinator, FH / FCH Project
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